Currently many projects are based on Scrum, a reference model that includes a series of practices and roles whose aim is to carry out processes more quickly and efficiently. In this context, the figure of the Scrum Master emerges, as the person responsible for ensuring that these practices and roles of the Scrum model are fulfilled.
The Scrum Master has defined functions within the management of a project, being fundamental to achieve the objectives proposed by the Scrum model.
What is a Scrum Master
The Scrum Master is responsible for ensuring that the Scrum model is developed correctly within a company. It is a role for which social and communication skills are needed, since a large part of their work is focused on dealing with people and work groups (they usually have training in psychology or coaching).
The role of the Scrum Master is often confused with that of the project leader or the person responsible for ensuring that the objectives are met. The Scrum Master has a different objective, streamlining processes and facilitating the work of teams.
To perform its functions, the Scrum Master must have the appropriate tools, such as the Redmine project manager that allows configuration for Agile projects and the use of Scrum boards.
What are the functions of a Scrum Master
The main functions of the Scrum Manager or Scrum Master, within the management of a project are:
Advice and training
The Scrum Master will advise the company’s organization on the implementation of the Scrum model as well as the various members of the company on best practices to meet the objectives.
The Scrum master will train all those who need it on the Agile methodology.
Acting as a moderator
The Scrum Master is responsible for managing and moderating all “events” (as Scrum meetings are known) in the organization. Its function is not to set the guidelines, assign functions or roles or similar, but to moderate and facilitate good understanding in order to speed up.
Solving of incidents that delay tasks
Any impediment that prevents a work group or individual from performing their function must be corrected by the Scrum Master. This task of “facilitator” is fundamental to speed up all processes and allow the objectives to be reached.
Encourage and manage group dynamics
The Scrum method involves collaboration and interaction between people and teams. It is essential that the Scrum Master makes sure to encourage and manage this communication, creating group dynamics, and avoiding isolating it from important events within the project.
Monitor, design and improve Scrum practices
The Scrum Master deals with specific events and artifacts (product increment, product backlog, sprint backlog), and is responsible for monitoring, designing and improving the practices of the Scrum model.
The Scrum Master is a vitally important position to be able to implement an Agile methodology with Scrum techniques within a company. Its training must be in accordance with the social and communication functions it performs.